A Dulles Neurology Expert Shares with Us Important Facts about Myopathies, and How to Address Them

One of the notable conditions a Dulles neurology expert can attend to is a myopathy. This physical condition, while common in athletes, can affect anyone. But how does one exactly determine if what they are experiencing is a myopathy? Let’s examine in further detail the causes and symptoms of a myopathy and how to address it.

What is Myopathy?

myopathyMyopathy is defined as a classification of diseases that are responsible for muscle weakness because of a defect of a muscle fiber or myocyte. A common misconception is that nerves have something to do with myopathies, confusing it with neuropathies. But nerves are not directly involved, and it is just the muscle fiber affected in this case.
Myopathies may be further classified into the following:

  • Congenital myopathiesThese result from genetic mutations. Some symptoms are developmental delays in motor skills, skeletal and facial abnormalities are sometimes seen at birth.
    • Glycogen storage diseases of muscles – result of mutations in genes that metabolize glycogen and glucose, causing them to pile up in the muscles
    • Muscular dystrophies – myopathies that show progressive weakening in voluntary muscles. At times, this myopathy is evident when a person is born.
    • Mitochondrial myopathies – brought about by genetic abnormalities in mitochondria, or structures in cells that control energy
  • Acquired myopathiesThese are acquired through external factors like drugs and infectious causes. Examples are:
    • Rhabdomyolysis – breakdown of muscle fibers resulting in myoglobin. The myoglobin itself leaks into urine through the kidneys.
    • Dermatomyositis – inflammation of the muscle and skin
    • Polymyositis and Inclusion body myositis – inflammation of skeletal muscles
    • Stiff-man syndrome – brought about by episodic reflex spasms

Diagnosis

There are numerous ways to detect myopathy, according to a neurologist near Leesburg, VA. Myopathies can be diagnosed using the following methods:

  • Muscle biopsy. This involves cutting a sample tissue, slicing in thin pieces, and examining the sample under the microscope.
  • Investigation of creatine kinase. This is the enzyme found in muscle that can be used as indicator of muscle damage on a blood test.
  • EMG or electromyography. This utilizes electrode needles to translate electrical signals coming from the body’s motor neurons.
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging detection). It utilizes strong magnets, radio waves, and a computer that will take pictures within your body.

Treatment

The treatment for myopathy is largely dependent on its classification and its cause. If the myopathy arises due to bacteria, antibiotics are administered. Likewise, if the kidney is affected, treatment of the kidney is done.

In addition, anti-inflammatory substances such as corticosteroids may be applied to the affected area. However, it is advised that this not be applied to the area too much for too long, as this may induce myopathy due to its steroid content.

Consult a Neurologist Regarding Myopathy Treatment

If you feel muscle cramps and spasms, and are unable to move certain muscles, don’t be afraid to seek medical help from an expert. Usually, a neurologist is tasked with this duty. Consult with a neurologist near Leesburg immediately regarding your condition to get advice on proper treatment.






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